ADCM M-1 – the USSR champion among the first digital computing machines
This brief article has been prepared to commemorate the 65th anniversary of the start-up of the Soviet Union's first analog-digital computing machine (ADCM M-1). The article is about the history of creation of the computer, people involved in the development of the computer and the basic specifications of the M-1 computer.
Governing principles in the development of computing technologies
The article covers the governing principles and trends in the development of computing technologies in such areas as improvement and miniaturization of the hardware components, supercomputer architectures, limitations of the proportional miniaturization of microelectronics, supercomputer architecture trends as well as technology cooperation between the leading companies of the Russian Federation.
Multiprocessor vector parallel-pipeline M-13 computer
Computer experts, both in our country and abroad, considered the parallel computer architecture when solving the large computing problems as an important scientific and technical breakthrough. The computer concept suggested by M. Kartsev was, as far as we can judge, the world's first concept of a full parallel computing system with parallelization on all four levels (programs, commands, data, words). The parallel architecture contributed much to boost the computing performance, and even when using imperfect hardware components, the speed of the M-13 computer was from 10 to 50 million operations per second.
Research Institute of Computing Systems named after M.A. Kartsev
JSC NIIVK named after M.A. Kartsev has been working in the field of digital techniques and information technologies for several decades. Modern trends of scientific and engineering activities of the Institute and their subject matter, the circle of the Institute's partners and customers, the main results and prospects of future development are described.
Control system for electric mechanisms of the telescope dome
The article discusses the software-hardware complex of a new control system for the electric mechanisms of the G.A. Shain reflector dome as a subsystem of complex automated system under development. Also included are the basic requirements for the system and some results of the field tests.
Automated test bench to study the mass transfer and hydrodynamic processes
The article presents an automated test bench for scientific research developed on the basis of ADAM-5510EWK/TP PLC. This article can be helpful in finding a solution for control tasks in the automated process control system in shops.
First automatic digital computer М-1
The article is dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the commissioning of the first domestic mainframe computer. The article tells how the computer was designed and tested, who took part in it, what innovations that were ahead of their time were introduced and its impact - to some extent - on the shape and structure of modern computers.
High-efficiency scalable multiprocessor computer systems
The article describes a highly efficient universal multiprocessing system designed for solvingthe application computing tasks requiring the parallel organization of calculations.The system is based on the nodes with the Intel Core micro architecture processors,and the nodes are connected with Infiniband, a high-speed real-time interconnect.
Hardware-software complex for studying algorithms of multiaxis electric drive trajectory interpolation
A single-computer implementation of a numerical control system is considered. The approach is based on software adapted to Windows XP that was developed in Delphi 7 environment using servodrive control algorithms developed by the authors.
Automated process of industrial isotope separation at a high filled column stream
The article reports on different aspects of automatic process control system for isotope rectification industry based on the example of stand control system for oxygen isotope separation research work. Special attention is given to facilities, which should fit to the modern software and open international standard requirements. Such facilities application provides and supports the reliability of distributed technological control.
Tritium Computer-Aided Scientific Research System
The structure of the assembly for control system of facilities for research of interactions of nuclear reactor materials with tritium is presented.