Modern Automation Technologies Professional Magazine

      3 2021

#   3/2021

      2 2021

#   2/2021

Impact-Response Testing

Testing electronic devices by delivering signals of a certain shape, frequency and amplitude to their input, with further response analysis provides the most comprehensive information. Such tests are easy to conduct with the use of hybridNETBOX AWGs manufactured by Spectrum Instrumentation GmbH. The article gives some practical examples to explore the capabilities of these devices.

Solutions for Intrusion Prevention Systems

The paper explains how the high-performance scalable ADLINK CSA-7400 platform helped NSFOCUS to create new generation 100G+ intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS and IPS), which offer more secure, reliable and stable data transmission solutions.

Getac Upgrades: the 10th Generation of Intel Processors Has Arrived

The article gives a detailed account of Getac's gradual transition to 10th Gen Intel Core processors and explores new generations of some popular models. Besides, it contains true stories of how Getac's equipment has been applied by the users.

Overview of IVD Vibration Sensors by Prosoft-Systems

The article overviews the product line of IVD vibration sensors manufactured by Prosoft-Systems. Together with the branded controller, they are used to build integrated systems aimed at controlling and protecting equipment in potentially explosive areas against vibrations. The article also lists those systems that have been implemented with the use of such equipment.

      1 2021

#   1/2021

Versatile Protected Notebooks: Durabook Z14I and Panasonic CF-31

The article provides a detailed overview of two protected notebooks from two world leading companies – Durabook and Panasonic. Both computers are positioned by their manufacturers as protected mobile computing systems for a wide range of field tasks, including critical applications. The article focuses on the results of operational tests of both notebooks.

For All Occasions: Industrial Input Devices for Extreme Conditions. Part 2

Computer equipment is increasingly used in human activities where unprotected devices are inadmissible; there is therefore a growing demand for devices specially designed to operate in harsh environments. The requirements imposed on such devices are also getting tougher. Continuing the article on protected input devices, we will illustrate this with several models of keyboards, mice, trackballs, and joysticks for industrial use.

Regul R500S Programmable Logic Controllers for Building EAP Systems

In some industries, it is extremely important to provide reliable protection of people, process equipment and the environment in case of an emergency at the controlled facility, the development of which may lead to an accident. In these areas, the standard means of the distributed control system are not enough for the automation of production processes. In addition to this, an independent system must be built for emergency automatic protection - EAP. Russian and international standards impose very high requirements on EAP systems and on the controllers based on which they are built. The article describes the line of Regul R500S controllers produced by a domestic company – Prosoft-Systems, who hold a SIL 3 certificate for building EAP systems.

Industrial Controller: from Elementary “Building Blocks” to the “Brain” of Automation Systems

Progress in microelectronics has influenced the development of programmable logic controllers, transforming them from highly specialized automation tools into multifunctional devices adapted for the Industrial Internet of Things. An example of such multifunctional devices is Advantech PAC solutions.

InnoAGE SSD: Innodisk’s Innovative Approach to the Internet of Things

Billions of new devices are connected to the Internet of Things every year, which means that device protection is now more important than ever. InnoAGE SSD with Azure Sphere support helps ensure your data and infrastructure security, as well as privacy and physical safety. This integrated solution for IoT devices is based on years of experience in hardware, software, and cloud technology from Innodisk and Microsoft.

      4 2020

#   4/2020

Getac B360: Exceptional Performance and Speed

In June 2020, Getac, the world's leading manufacturer of rugged mobile equipment, announced the release of a completely new product – the ultra-rugged B360 laptop, a full technical overview of which is provided in this article. All technical characteristics of the new device, its key advantages, and areas of application are discussed.

WiFiScope – Universal Tool of the Industry 4.0 Era

In this article, we continue to acquaint readers with the latest developments in measuring equipment. TiePie engineering USB oscilloscopes now have LAN and Wi-Fi interfaces, which, combined with good functionality, have made them a measurement tool with unique properties that are highly demanded in modern enterprises, transportation, medicine and research.

For All Occasions: Industrial Input Devices for Extreme Conditions. Part 1

This article, which consists of two parts, discusses the main types, technologies and features of industrial data input devices. The problems of the necessity and importance of their application in industrial, medical, military and other areas are also touched upon. The first part of the article provides an overview of the most popular models from the three leading manufacturers: iKey, NSI and InduKey.

Apacer Industrial Memory Modules

User applications are becoming more demanding on the computer system as a whole, and RAM plays an important role, since the speed and reliability of operation depend on it. The article discusses various RAM options from the Taiwanese manufacturer Apacer, which, being one of the leaders in the segment of industrial memory modules, offers reliable solutions designed for harsh operating conditions.

Benefits of Ultra Low Latency Video Streaming

Remotely controlled interactive systems often require provision of real-time video feed to the operator. Without this, in particular, it is impossible to effectively control drones, robotic complexes, autonomous deep-sea vehicles. Unfortunately, the real-time video transmission can be limited by the low bandwidth of communication channels. This article discusses the capabilities and benefits of hardware video stream compression.

Touchscreen Kiosks: Classification and Prospects

The article discusses touchscreen kiosks, which have become common equipment that have come into our lives. The current classification of these devices, the main growth factors and development trends of the Russian and Western markets for this equipment are given; the prospects of using biometrics, which will make it possible to move to a fundamentally new level of services provided, are also discussed.

      3 2020

#   3/2020

Modular Digitizers and Signal Generators in Physical Measurements

Modular digitizers and signal generators are powerful tools used in both industry and research. Spectrum GmbH (Germany) are experts in those devices. The article lists examples of digitizers and programmable signal generators' use in automotive equipment testing.

AdvantiX – the Russian Panel PCs

The article deals with various types of industrial computers, their major characteristics and configurations, giving an overview of panel computers' parameters, as well as their distinguishing features and advantages. The main focus is on Russian AdvantiX industrial panel PCs.

Advantech EKI-5500/5600 Industrial Managed Ethernet Switches

The article gives a brief overview of EKI-5500/5600: the low-end line of industrial managed Ethernet switches made by Advantech.

Innovative Online UPS Series by CyberPower

CyberPower's Online (High-Density) UPS series was introduced to the global market in H2 2019. To date the new devices have been honored with two prestigious awards: at the end of the year they were included into the innovative products list and given the Tech Innovator Award 2019, also winning the 2019 Product of the Year title bestowed by Russian distributors started offering the devices in February 2020, so it's time we take a closer look at them.

      2 2020

#   2/2020

Rugged UX10 tablet for tough field conditions

Getac, a well-known Taiwanese manufacturer of protected mobile solutions, has released a new product, the UX10, a universal tablet created for use in extreme operating conditions. The product has several advantages that make it indispensable in areas where high-quality devices and their reliable performance are required. The article describes this model and considers the possibilities of its configuration and application, as well as the issues of certification and testing.

Rittal’s new generation of compact AX and KX cabinets

The article addresses in detail the design features and key advantages of the new generation of Rittal's compact distribution cabinets as well as the use of Industry 4.0 digital technologies in the cabinets' development, production, and application.

Intelligent power system based on the EZA TDK-Lambda bidirectional DC/DC converter

The EZA bidirectional DC/DC converter is a special type of TDK-Lambda converters that enable the control of the direction of active voltage rectification. It is designed primarily for renewable energy and energy storage systems. The article describes these products, their main features, and operating principles.

Batteries for data center: time for lithium-ion

Lead-acid batteries for data centers are a time-tested solution. However, even the most reliable technologies become less modern, sooner or later, only to be replaced by more advanced developments.

      1 2020

#   1/2020

Mobility under extreme conditions

In modern industry, mobility, directly associated with a variety of portable electronics, is increasingly valued. But not all mobile devices can withstand extreme conditions such as shocks and drops, large temperature drops, high humidity, dustiness, not to mention operation in explosive atmosphere, which imposes a number of specific requirements on equipment. This article describes mobile devices developed specifically for such tasks.

Getac explosion protection

The article discusses the concept of explosive areas, highlights the main certification standards for equipment used in them, and provides a complete overview of Getac equipment that can be used in harsh conditions.

Regul R500 – domestic PLC with full redundancy support

The article discusses the commercially available Regul R500 programmable logic controller developed by Prosoft-Systems engineers - a domestic product with unique characteristics that meets the highest requirements for industrial automation equipment. The article gives the controller's specifications and description and discusses its redundancy capabilities.

MICRO PLC: great capabilities in compact size

The article presents an overview of a compact distributed I/O system based on the new MICRO PLC series from YASKAWA VIPA CONTROLS. Controller, communication and I/O module characteristics are discussed.

Premium batteries for data processing centers

The market for industrial batteries can be roughly divided into design and mass. When equipment is purchased to solve a business problem (creating a new backup power system, upgrading an existing system or service replacement), it is worth discussing a special level of equipment for the design tasks. We bring to your attention an overview of six professional design series of DELTA Xpert batteries. The article also discusses a solution for data processing centers.

Features and application of two-quadrant DC power supplies

Bidirectional two-quadrant power supplies are a special type of equipment that many industrial test benches cannot do without today. The article describes these devices, their operating principle and applications.

      4 2019

#   4/2019

Cameras for computer vision systems: a difficult choice

The article gives general information about computer vision technology; the main technical characteristics of the selection of cameras on which the developers of computer vision systems should rely were considered. An overview of the products of the industrial cameras manufacturer for computer vision systems Basler is provided from the developers' point of view.

Ensuring the operation of telecommunication equipment in harsh climatic conditions

The review describes the stages of development of cellular communication standards and its prospects in addressing the problem of "digital inequality" as an economic and technological gap in some regions from the progress in education and telecommunications and the provision of universal access to digital services. Examples of high-tech all-weather constructions used to house cellular communication base station equipment are provided.

Ethernet with a single twisted-pair cable is already a reality

The article presents a new standardized technology of Ethernet data transmission over a single-pair cable, which will actually allow to reconsider the organization of the physical layer of OSI models.

Cybersecurity technologies in the IoT era

With the advent of IoT, cyberthreat protection and network infrastructure management are becoming extremely relevant tasks. ADLINK offers an optimized concept of the modular construction of network protection devices, which improves the efficiency of the custom application development and reduces the cost of their operation and modernization.

DELTA smart lead-acid batteries

Unforeseen errors in equipment operation can be one of the causes of a sudden power failure. DELTA smart lead-acid batteries DTM-I and GEL reduce the risk of human influence. The batteries are equipped with an LC display that shows the status of the operation; it can be easily monitored and necessary measures can be taken in time.

Rack power backup

There is always the possibility of a power failure due to man-made or natural external factors, so the issue of the redundant power supply of critical equipment in order to improve the reliability of the system is important. Depending on equipment class, capacity, application and location, the redundant power supply implementation may vary. In this article, it is proposed to consider an economical solution for organizing the redundant power supply of single-phase server rack equipment using ATS CyberPower.

Reliability technologies for IoT

Essentially, any IoT smart device is a computer, and no computer in operation can do without a storage device. The more we become dependent on intelligent devices around us, the more serious the problem of ensuring the reliability of storage and confidentiality of information becomes. Innodisk already has the answers to many of your questions. This article will cover some of Innodisk solutions for AIoT.

      3 2019

#   3/2019

In order for memory not to fail

Innodisk took its steady positions in the world market of solid-state drives for the most demanding applications. Besides high performance standards Innodisk has in its credit a number of developments and know-how, which favourably distinguish its products. This article includes several features and advantages provided by them.

What ADAM do you need?

The main trends of the revolution in industrial automation are becoming more distinctive. They include the total propagation of IoT concepts and the provision of end devices with artificial intelligence elements. The modular concept for building automation system components allows the optimization of the functionality of devices within wide range without the creation of limits for future development.

Cable technologies for industrial networks from BELDEN: soldered twisted pair

The technology for the soldered twisted pair by Belden, which allows the improvement of the quality of the industrial Ethernet physical level, is described in the article.

Memory can never be damaged by bit

Apacer engineers have carried out a huge amount of research resulting in their success to create an integrated solution for programme applications, which are especially critical for data storage reliability. The article deals with the features of industrial class solid-state drives produced by Apacer, which distinguish these devices from a number of the analogues.

      2 2019

#   2/2019

Application of Spectrum digitizers in LIDAR systems

Light identification detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems based on laser technologies have long been applied in various industries. But improving the quality of LIDAR systems and expanding their functions require new solutions for processing the data obtained; digitizers are one of them. Spectrum company is one of the leaders in digitizers development, and its products have already been applied in LIDAR systems.

New VX25 large enclosure system by RITTAL – ready for digital revolution

The article describes in detail the design of the most advanced multi-purpose VX25 large enclosure system for electrical and electronic equipment, as well as the advantages of the technology of the digital virtual prototype of the VX25 enclosure system, developed by RITTAL for easy integration into design and production systems within the Industry 4.0 concept.

Getac K120 – in pursuit of optimal balance

The Getac company hardly needs an introduction as it is well-known to a large number of domestic experts. Today we would like to introduce brand-new, fully rugged tablet Getac K120, in which the manufacturer has managed to perfectly combine constructive size and reliability, high performance, functionality and user-friendliness.

Industrial unmanaged EKI-2000 Advantech Ethernet switches

Building of Ethernet networks involves different types of switching equipment. It is worth highlighting the unmanaged switches, which are simple devices enabling to arrange the operation of a small Ethernet-network in fast and efficient way. This article provides a brief overview of Advantech unmanaged industrial Ethernet switches of entry-level EKI-2000 series.

Pepperl+Fuchs industrial linear motion sensors and systems. Part 2

The second part of the article continues reviewing sensors from Pepperl+Fuchs, a German electrotechnical company, intended for linear motion control. This part describes inductive sensors, optical cameras with a code tape, laser distance sensors, optical systems with code rail, lidars and radio sensors. The article represents capabilities and specific features of devices and illustrates examples of sensors application for production automation.

TDK-Lambda’s Latest Industrial Power Supplies

TDK-Lambda's power supplies have long been known as reliable, highly efficient and multifunctional solutions for various sectors of domestic industry. Every year the company introduces new or updated devices to the market. Here, we will review updates to the most popular series of power supplies: programmable, for DIN rail mounting and for general purpose industrial use.

Errors in the use of lead-acid batteries and their consequences

Storage battery manufacturers are required to provide users with official recommendations for the use of their batteries. This information represents an actual tool that increases the equipment's efficiency. It is important to comply with the technical parameters specified in the instructions, especially when it comes to high-budget high power facilities, where the battery replacement implies significant costs. The authors of the article draw readers' attention to errors in battery operation and analyze their consequences.

      1 2019

#   1/2019

Pepperl+Fuchs industrial linear motion sensors and systems Part1

The article offers an overview of state-of-the art products from Pepperl+Fuchs, a German electrical engineering company as well as basic specifications of these devices designed to control linear movements and measure linear dimensions and distances, both very short (microns) and very long (kilometers). Also discussed are the overall capabilities of sensors for measuring linear movements, the advantages and design features of each type of the device. Also, the article gives the examples to illustrate the use of sensors in industrial automation.

Genesys programmable power supplies with Power Sink option

Energy recovery is an important issue for all types of electrical installations with electric motors. A change in voltage or current at the output of the power supplies during a braking action can result in tripping and even failure of the power supply source. Another task no less important is simulation of different voltages. Modern TDK-Lambda's Genesys series power supplies successfully meet the challenges due to the Power Sink function.

BMS increases battery life time

The era of the Internet of Things and Big Data imposes new requirements and sets stringent standards for computer power supplies. A large number of computers and other powercritical IT equipment concentrated in data centers can no longer be supported by using the traditional non-smart UPS. In such cases the BMS systems - one of which is described in this article - can be helpful.

Maximum surveillance-recording stability with RECLine firmware optimization

As the performance of solid-state drives (SSDs) gets higher and the cost gap between hard disks (HDDs) and SSDs continues to shrink, SSDs are becoming more popular on the video surveillance market. To delete from/write data to the flash drive, specific features would be required in the drive firmware but this might reduce the capacity, and as a result, the video quality might deteriorate and frames might be lost. Innodisk's RECLine technology is a specially modified firmware of SSDs for video surveillance applications providing a video stream recording at a constant rate (minimal frame loss).

      4 2018

#   4/2018

Approach to data processing for extreme environments

One of the crucial factors of victory in an era of electronic competition in the 21st century is the ability to collect and process large amounts of data in real time. The efficiency of actual applications is limited by size and weight requirements, budget restrictions and other characteristics. The article demonstrates how to achieve maximum system performance with different limitations.

FMC mezzanine modules for building high performance signal processing systems

The article offers a brief overview of the FMC standard that defines the sizes and interfaces of mezzanine modules. Also included are descriptions of FMC modules as well as FPGA-based carrier modules implemented in CompactPCI Serial and OpenVPX standards.

New generation of a domestic heterogeneous computing platform

One of the ways to increase computing performance is to use the platforms with heterogeneous architecture. They offer the possibility to efficiently utilize the computational power of processors, graphics accelerators and programmable logic integrated circuits. The domestic new generation platform presented in the article is capable of simultaneously employing modules with different architectures in a variety of configurations. The article provides an example of solving hydroacoustic antenna beamforming tasks using a computing system based on this platform.

Advantech machine vision solutions

Machine vision is a relatively new but promising technology. The growth in computing power and the miniaturization of hardware offer a possibility to solve various application tasks in the projects where the abandonment of manual labor would have been unthinkable even a few years ago. This article provides examples of such projects and an overview of some machine vision devices.

Touch input devices: perspectives on applications in severe environments

Today panel computers with touch monitors have become ubiquitous in areas where it is necessary to use rugged computing devices. However, the devices used in these areas to build human-machine interface systems still cannot do without moving parts. Nevertheless, the manufacturers of such equipment are in constant search of innovative solutions, and currently their focus is on touch input devices. The article discusses recent developments made by NSI (Belgium) and Indukey (Germany) in this area.

      3 2018

#   3/2018

Getac EX80 explosion-proof tablet with Windows 10 operating system

The article presents the new Getac EX80 fully rugged tablet designed for use in explosive zones. Also included is a detailed review of its specifications, accessories and potential applications.

AU Optronics: technologies of the leaders

The article covers AU Optronics display solutions, shows some technological features of the product family and provides an overview of liquid crystal display applications. Also discussed is the AU Optronics operation in the green energy industry.

      2 2018

#   2/2018

Modern USB oscilloscopes and applications

Due to their ease of use and a good price/quality ratio, modern USB port oscilloscopes are in high demand among both professionals and amateurs. The market offer also varies continuously, thus making the selection of the optimal tool not trivial. The article gives an overview of professional USB oscilloscopes manufactured by TiePie engineering and presents an example of using an oscilloscope as an EMF Analyzer.

Pentair (Schroff) solutions for IoT & Industry 4.0 era

The article offers a brief overview of Pentair (Schroff) solutions for locating, protecting and cooling the electronic equipment that advances the development of network infrastructure through the use of IoT and Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) technologies.

Industrial video interface of the future

The article briefly describes basic modern video data transmission interfaces, requirements for 4K UltraHD LCD displays or larger format LCD displays and the stages of development of Embedded DisplayPort (eDP) as the best interface for ultra-high definition display applications. Also included are examples of equipment with eDP-interface from the leading display device manufacturers.

Modern Advantech HMI as a mirror of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The widespread use of personal electronics transforms the concept of the industrial operator interface. The proper industrial HMI can become a central element of intellectual production, an optional tool to increase the efficiency and capacity of an enterprise. The new HMIs from Advantech have taken this transformation into account.

      1 2018

#   1/2018

More and more varied choices: new Getac tablets

Readiness for operation in severe environments, a wide range of I/O ports and long battery life – this is true for all Getac products, and 2017 novelties are sure to be no exception. The article offers an overview of the new mobile rugged tablet computers that are capable of handling the most difficult and challenging tasks in circumstances where other equipment will simply not operate.

WAGO 750-880 programmable controller in Master mode

The Modbus protocol has been in use for many years. However, the Modbus protocol, while old, is still widely used in many modern PLCs. The article shows how to arrange data exchange between WAGO 750-880 controllers through the Modbus TCP protocol employing a special WAGO ModbusEthernet_04.lib library.

Litemax: LCD displays and LCD monitors

The article describes Litemax liquid-crystal displays and monitors. Also discussed are the key features of DURApixel high brightness displays, ultra-wide SPANpixel displays and NAVpixel marine monitors. The article gives a brief overview of technologies improving the perceived quality of images (high brightness, color and contrast enhancement). It also contains the description of a form to order Litemax monitors specifying all items.

      4 2017

#   4/2017

Meet APLEX Technology

The article gives an overview of the products manufactured by APLEX Technology (Taiwan). This relatively young and fast-growing company has been able to gain a foothold in the market due to a coherent strategy for innovation technologies as well as the high quality products such as hardware computing platforms for industrial automation solutions, including panel and embedded computers, human-machine interfaces, industrial monitors and much more.

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Interactive displays in automation and not only that

The article focuses on interactive displays, their features and applications in various spheres of human activity. Also included is a description of the benefits that can be employed after their implementation.

      2 2017

#   2/2017

Data acquisition system from Dataforth Corporation

The article gives an overview of the SLX200, SLX300 and MAQ20 data acquisition systems from Dataforth Corporation. Also discussed are a modern line-up of devices, the key features of the new MAQ20 system and the current version of ReDAQ software.

      1 2017

#   1/2017

Panel computers: a brief market overview. Part 2

The last part of the review focuses the reader's attention on the current situation in the industrial panel PC market. The panel PCs are now being used in a wide range of applications including industry, transport, medicine and urban infrastructure.

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Getac S410: lighter, more powerful and more autonomous

The article provides a brief technical overview of the all-new Getac S410 compact semi-rugged notebook. Also discussed are its major competitive features and advantages.

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ndustrial VDSL-modems for extending the industrial Ethernet boundaries

The extension of the Ethernet network is an essential task for many customers. The use of high-speed VDSL-modems is one of the ways to resolve this problem. The article provides an insight into the VDSL and Ethernet over VDSL technologies that allow data transmission over a copper two-conductor wire which is used as a transmission medium. Also discussed are the new EtherWAN solutions that offer an Ethernet line up to 2,600 m in length.

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      4 2016

#   4/2016

Modern Digitizers. Part 4

We are finishing the publication of articles on Spectrum modular digitizers. The fourth part places an emphasis on Spectrum's SBench 6 professional version software that supports the digitizers. The waveform imaging, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), various signal processing functions including digital filtering, waveform arithmetic, histogram creation and many other functions of SBench 6 software package significantly improve the qualitative characteristics of captured analog signals and determine its spectral components. Also discussed are the advantages of digitizers over oscilloscopes.

Russia’s electronics is moving forward

The article focuses on the typical CJSC NPF DOLOMANT's approach to the customized developments of high-tech electronics and describes the most interesting projects over the last few years as well as an import substitution plan for hardware components.

Import substitution for industrial computers: localization and cooperation through the example of AdvantiX ER-DS200

The article shows how industrial computers have been built from scratch. This is illustrated by the example of the AdvantiX ER-DS200 computer. Also discussed in detail are all stages of the product development process - from the preparation of Design Specifications to the finished product output.

A new look at medical mobile computers

Getac is an acknowledged leader in the rugged computer market. Their two new RX10 tablet PCs are a vivid example of how a well-proven concept can be renewed through the use of technological innovations. The article provides information on the benefits and features of Getac Mobile Clinical Assistant tablet PCs.

Hirschmann managed switches: safety first

The article discusses the key features of managed switches used to provide network security. This is illustrated by the example of Hirschmann products. The functions and usage of the managed switches described in the article will help operators of industrial enterprises to protect the industrial IT-system more efficiently.

      3 2016

#   3/2016

Next-generation REGUL RX00 PLC

The article is about the new developments of PROSOFT-Systems, an engineering company, in the field of industrial automation. They are the Series R400 and R200 REGUL programmable logic controllers, which are part of the REGUL RX00 PLC family.

Power supplies for next-generation CompactPCI systems

Over the 15-year history of CompactPCI standard, it has proven itself as an ideal platform for building the embedded computer systems. It also retains its popularity because the parallel bus architecture has been changed to high-speed serial buses. However, an increase in capacity and computing power has resulted in the increased power supply requirements. The article covers the issues related to the arrangement of power supply in CompactPCI systems.

Pepperl+Fuchs transducers. Lineup update in 2016

The article presents the brand new products of two Pepperl+Fuchs divisions: series LVL vibration sensors and the proximity sensors using Industry 4.0 technology.

A developing trend in the solid state drive market

The article focuses on the main trends in development of the industrial solid state drive (SSD) market and technologies. This is illustrated through an example of products from Apacer Technology, one of the leading SSD manufacturers in the industry. Also included is an analysis of the key differences between the industrial and household solid state drives.

      2 2016

#   2/2016

Modern Digitizers. Handbook. Part 2

In this issue we continue to publish the Spectrum Modular Digitizer Handbook. This is the second part of the Handbook which covers the digitizer operation modes, characteristics and special aspects of building external interfaces. Also, the article offers recommendations for the use of the digitizer to capture and process various signal sources.

Technical basis for the Stratus ftServer fault tolerant concept

The article reviews the technical features of Stratus ftServer fault tolerant systems. Also discussed are the fault tolerance solution concept and mechanisms.

Low cost MicroTCA systems for special applications

MicroTCA represents a versatile technological standard that meets a wide range of various application requirements. Due to the trade-offs made when considering the requirements of the system when it comes to power, cooling, backplane routing and maintenance and by carefully selecting the components, the designers can get the entire functionality of AMC modules and avoid expenditure for the system that makes maximum use of the MicroTCA architecture.

Network protection module SZM-AS-3.0-220

The article presents the network protection module SZM-AS-3.0-220. This module limits the high-energy surge voltages of 220V and 50Hz power supply network in line-to-neutral, neutral-to-casing circuits within the specified levels. It disconnects the network from loads under maximum pulse and sustained overvoltage conditions. The module is intended for use in critical systems and computer and communications equipment.

      1 2016

#   1/2016

Modern Digitizers. Handbook. Part 1

Founded in 1989 in Germany, Spectrum has made significant contribution in developing the modular high-performance digitizer technologies. The tool applications today are practically unimaginable without these devices. Starting with this issue of the magazine, we would publish The Spectrum Digitizer Handbook, which helps readers understand the characteristics of the digitizers and use a wide variety of the functional capabilities that these powerful devices open to us.

      4 2015

#   4/2015

Key factors for choosing electronic equipment cabinets through an example of Schroff products

The selection of a reliable protective enclosure or cabinet is essential for smooth operation of electronic equipment. Such an enclosure or cabinet should meet both equipment and environmental requirements. This will ensure the continuous operation of the equipment and minimize the risk of downtime caused by operational failures. The aim of the article is to help users choose a cabinet that would satisfy the requirements of the tasks to be performed to the maximum extent practicable.

Getac X 500 full-size ultra-rugged notebook

The article is about a unique Getac X500 full-size ultra-rugged notebook, which practically has no competition in the rugged mobile computer market due to its almost unlimited capabilities for modification and extension.

Innodisk industrial flash storage: special technologies and related services

The article explains the key differences between industrial solid state storage drives and flash storage devices for the consumer market. Their functionality, data security methods and customization flexibility are shown through the example of Innodisk products.

      3 2015

#   3/2015

Supercomputers are becoming faster and more affordable

The article provides a description of the current approaches to achieving high energy efficiency and computing power of the high-performance hardware platforms. Also included is a brief review of heterogeneous computing architectures illustrated by the example of Eurotech high-performance computing complexes.

General-purpose Windows and Android tablet PCs

This article gives an overview of the Panasonic FZ-M1 fully rugged tablet running Windows 8.1 and the FZ-B2 model running the Android 4.4 operating system. Also discussed are the results of Panasonic's market research on the rapid rise in popularity of tablet PCs for corporate use and reasons for switching to rugged products.

Please meet ACME Portable

The article offers a review of the ACME Portable products. ACME Portable is one of the leading manufacturers of the rugged workstations, multi-display computer platforms, operator consoles and customized systems.

A domestic controller for critical applications

The article presents the REGUL R600 programmable logic controller developed by PROSOFT-Systems engineers. The serial production of this PLC commenced in 2014. The characteristics of the REGUL R600 PLC make it a unique domestic product that meets the strictest requirements for industrial automation equipment. Also included is a description of the controller, its functionality and specifications.

Development of Industrial Ethernet technology through an example of brand new communication equipment

The article examines the basic trends in the development of the Industrial Ethernet technology illustrated by the examples of the new Hirschmann and EtherWAN products. These examples vividly demonstrate the functionality and peculiarities of application of the modern network devices.

Mobile onboard power system

The article describes a mobile controlled power source used in the special wheeland track-mounted vehicle manufacturing process. The mobile controlled power source offers a high quality power supply and the ability to simulate the operation modes of the onboard network when carrying out adjusting works and check tests of on-board electrical equipment and instruments in harsh conditions. The article shows the possibilities for integration of the mobile controlled power source into a computer-aided manufacturing system.

Specific features of Apacer industrial storage product line

The article provides the history of the creation and development of Apacer Technology and highlights the major technologies used by the company when producing the industrial storage drives available in cased and caseless form factors.

      2 2015

#   2/2015

AdvancedTCA platform from Schroff: the development trends

The article outlines the major trends in the development of Advanced TCA form factors. Also discussed are the key features of the system, customer requirements, advanced technical solutions and the necessary measures to ensure the performance efficiency and compatibility of the platform components.

Getac B300 rugged notebook evolution

The article describes the milestones in the history of Getac B300 fully rugged notebook, reviews its technical specifications, capabilities and advantages over the competitors and conventional mobile PCs. Traditionally, we give an example of the efficient use of the notebook with specialized software, and this example illustrates the benefits of the device.

      1 2015

#   1/2015

FASTWEL I/O: the product line development. Part 3. NIM745-02 – a compact MODBUS TCP slave node

This article provides a description of the functionality of probably the smallest non-programmable controller of the MODBUS TCP NIM745-02 slave node as well as application features for integration of FASTWEL I/O modules into the automated data acquisition and control system.

Stereoscopic vision technology for accurately counting numbers of people

The article deals with the applications of the Eurotech DynaPCN 10-20 smart counter designed to measure the number of people in public transport vehicles and public places. The use of this counter offers the radical new possibilities for the developers of the automated control systems to ensure efficient savings in energy, material and human resources.

Connection of an incremental encoder to PLC

The article explains how to connect an incremental encoder to PLC using the SIEMENS S7-1200 PLC and the TIA Portal programming tool as an example. High-speed counters are used to process the signals from the encoder. This allows for counting the pulses from the encoder at the high output frequency (1000 pulses per revolution and over). The article provides a summary of information on the types of the encoder output signals, the signal processing techniques and calculation of the measurable rotation speed.

      4 2014

#   4/2014

LXI – a future instrumentation standard

Today the developers of instrumentation systems have a wide variety of modern instruments that allow for automation of experiments and performance of comprehensive testing. These are powerful PCs, traditional and special measurement devices, highperformance modular platforms using the PXI, VXI, AXI standards. However, technological progress never stops, and many new solutions appear. One of these is the LXI standard (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation).

A8 – next-generation AdvantiX single platform industrial computers

The article covers next-generation AdvantiX industrial computers based on modern ATX mainboard. Also included is a detailed description of the system capabilities and ways to build solutions for various computer market segments using the same platform, but different form-factors of PC cases.

Getac S400: a rugged notebook can be affordable

Readers of CTA magazine are familiar with the fully rugged notebooks built for use in the harshest environments. This article is intended for specialists for whom the use of semi-rugged mobile PCs is sufficient to solve tasks. The article presents a modest model of the Getac S400 notebook for engineers.

FASTWEL I/O: the product line development. Part 2. Communication capabilities

The article focuses on the specific features of implementation and use of the MODBUS and MODBUS TCP communication protocols in FASTWEL I/O controllers.

Pepperl+Fuchs Factory Automation products. Overview of the models based on the PRT technology

The article presents a brief history of Pepperl+Fuchs. Also included is a description of the achievements of Factory Automation Division specializing in the design and development of sensor systems for monitoring as well as the new products employing the Pulse Ranging Technology (PRT) for measuring distance using the impulse signal travel time.

Comparison between transformer-based UPS vs transformer-less UPS

Currently there is growing interest in using transformer-free UPS systems. However, many users have no clear idea what UPS architecture (transformer-based or transformer-free) is best suited for the particular tasks. This article describes the advantages and disadvantages of each technology and the possible applications. Also discussed are the factors to consider when determining which one to choose.

      3 2014

#   3/2014

High resolution broad-band digitizers

Real-time information processing has been made possible due to the advent of affordable high-performance computers. This has opened up tremendous opportunities for work with a digital representation of analog signals. But a computer needs an interface to the analog world, and this function is performed by analog-to-digital converters. They comprise a part of digital testers and oscilloscopes, audio and video players, video cameras, tomographic scanners, radars and many other devices, to name but a few. Modern apps are becoming a lot more demanding in regard to speed and accuracy of analog data processing. This encourages manufacturers to develop signal digitization technologies.

FASTWEL I/O: the product line development. Part 1

This article discusses the evolution of the FASTWEL I/O programmable controllers from the date of a series of articles "FASTWEL I/O Inside" published in 2007-2008 up to the present date. Also included is a detailed description of some functionalities to see the difference between the FASTWEL I/O controllers and the controllers of other manufacturers.

ARIS C303 controller test drive

The article sums up the results of ARIS C303 controller testing performed by the Digital Substation magazine staff. The controller was designed by PROSOFT-Systems, an engineering company. During the test, the following parameters were evaluated: appearance and design of the device, its functional features and the technical specifications, IEC 61850 standard implementation and ease of parameter adjustment.

VIPA SLIO PLC. A new approach to PLC functionality control. Part 3

The third part of the article is devoted to the new SLIO processor modules which transform the distributed input-output system into a fully programmable controller.

      2 2014

#   2/2014

Supercomputers: development, trends and application. Review of HPC solutions from Eurotech

The article describes the computers to which the prefix "super" is applied. Also included is a general overview of their applications as well as a description of Eurotech's new systems - office supercomputers.

Rugged computers: standards and technologies

Mobile computing devices have become ingrained in our everyday lives and professional activities. In most cases, the available level of their reliability and environment immunity is quite sufficient, but there are many activities that dictate rigid requirements for the portable computers. Using Getac products as an example, this review shows specifics of such requirements and offers some of the most promising technologies that provide unique features of rugged computers.

Using tablet PCs in special applications

The article focuses on the use of tablet PCs in special applications. Also discussed are the advantages and disadvantages of the existing models of tablet computers which are representatives of the post-PC era.

Interscale M – a universal enclosure for the single-board embedded applications from Schroff

The purpose of this article is the initial familiarization with the design, main functions and capabilities of the Schroff Interscale M enclosure modifications in accordance with the requirements of a particular application.

VIPA SLIO PLC. A new approach to PLC functionality control. Part 2

The second part of the article contains a description of the SPEED7 technology developed by VIPA and first implemented in their own System 300S PLCs in 2004.

      1 2014

#   1/2014

Trends in ruggedized handheld and tablet PC market

The article covers the trends in the ruggedized handheld and tablet computer market. Also discussed are the possibilities of the use of ruggedized computers for quick access to mobile and cloud applications. The article provides a technical description of various computers which meet the mobility and security requirements.

Small size, big impact – Advantech computers-on-module

The article presents the modern formats of computers-on-module. Also included are examples of Advantech computer-on-modules and a description of supplementary services provided by the manufacturer in order to simplify the design of end-user devices.

Improving energy efficiency by means of improving quality of power supply

A rise in global utilities prices, growth in power consumption and the ever-rising requirements for the reliability of power supply systems set up a task to find technical solutions aimed at improving the energy efficiency of the entire process, from power generation to consumption. One possible way to reduce losses is to improve the quality of the power supply. The article addresses the issues associated with quality of power supply and methods of solution.

Digital explosion-proof vibration monitoring equipment “TsVA”

The article presents the digital explosion-proof vibration monitoring equipment "TsVA" manufactured by PROSOFT-Systems LLC. The equipment is designed for vibration monitoring and vibration protection of hardware used in explosion hazardous areas.

VIPA SLIO PLC. A new approach to PLC functionality control. Part 1

The article is devoted to the new VIPA SLIO programmable logic controllers. The first part offers a description of a distributed input/output system of the same series. This system is one of the design and technological fundamentals for the new products.

      4 2013

#   4/2013

SIMATIC operator panels: current status and future trends

The purpose of this article is to give a brief description of the current status of the human-machine interface devices within the range of products manufactured by Siemens under the SIMATIC trademark. Due to the limit on size of a journal article, the information given in it cannot be regarded as complete, but this information makes it possible to classify and cover the model range of the operator panels for the year of 2013, describe the new products, the short-term outlook and the main issues that arise when working with these devices as well as to compare the operator panels against each other and with the SIMATIC panel computers.

Industrial video cameras for machine vision systems

The article offers the results of a survey conducted amongst the producers and consumers of video cameras for the industrial applications. Also discussed are the key components of the machine vision systems and examples of the specific products.

SINUS PENTA frequency inverter for industrial application

This article examines the SINUS PENTA industrial drive from Santerno, its main characteristics and application.

      3 2013

#   3/2013

Getac rugged computers: examples of implementation

The article offers the examples of implementation and use of the Getac rugged notebooks and tablet PCs designed for public safety, military, marine and aviation applications. Also, the article demonstrates the reliability of these products and their resistance to external climatic and destabilizing factors. The main technical specifications of the mobile computing devices mentioned in the article are provided.

NSI protected data input devices

The article presents NSI as a developer of customized products according to customer requirements. Also included are examples of the development of protected computer data input devices designed for use in naval and ground-based military applications.

Security concepts based on EAGLE system

The article discusses the advantages and the operating features of the Hirschmann EAGLE family of hardware and software. Also included are examples of typical schemes of EAGLE equipment connection into the existing network of an enterprise. The main functions, modes of operation and nuances of adjustment are described.

CRANE Electronics DC/DC-converters: radiation test results – an exam is passed

One of the most important tasks of building spacecraft with a long active life is to ensure the required resistance of the on-board equipment to ionizing radiation effects. The article addresses general issues on the development of the converters for space use, gives a brief overview of the results of a test of the radiation-hardened DC/DCconverters commercially available from CRANE Aerospace & Electronics (Interpoint™) for their resistance to single event effects. Such tests were held when preparing the modules for use in the onboard equipment of the Mars Science Lab, Curiosity. Also included are the results of tests for resistance to ionizing dose effects when exposed to low-dose-rate and low-intensity gamma radiation which are present in some components of DC/DC-converters with a two-switch structure. The article is based on information provided by CRANE Aerospace & Electronics.

      1 2013

#   1/2013

PXI Express: a substitute or a new member in PXI team?

PXI which is currently a dominant standard in the market of virtual instrument solutions has not stopped, and the new technological trends have been already implemented in PXI Express. What is PXI Express? Is it a successor improving the existing solutions or an "outsider" which has come to take their place and fully replace them? The article writer tries to answer this question and also familiarizes the readers with the new off-the shelf ADLINK developments.

Conduction-cooled on-board computer complexesas an example of design implementation based on VPX REDI specification

The article discusses the conduction cooling techniques used in the on-board radio-electronic equipment installed in various types of mobile objects employing the state-of-the-art engineering solutions offered by Schroff. Also included is a detailed description of implementation of a conduction-cooled system chassis for the on-board computer complex that meets the VITA 48.2 - VPX REDI specifications.

A new ET200SP distributed high-speed peripheral station

The article describes a new Siemens ET200SP distributed peripheral station. Also discussed are the design features, functions of advanced diagnostics and network capabilities. Particular emphasis is placed on the increased data transfer rate and possibility of readjusting the equipment during operation.

      4 2012

#   4/2012

AdvancedTCA technology and equipment. Large potentialities of high speed communications

The article continues the series of publications familiarizing the readers with ADLINK equipment. It is about technology and devices for telecommunications and other critical applications developed in today's most promising AdvancedTCA standard.

Rugged handheld and tablet computers: development trends, design versions, system platforms

The article offers a review of the rugged mobile computers presented in Russia which are particularly interesting from a technical point of view. Based on the market data, the outlined trends and prospects for the development of mobile devices market were determined. A significant portion of the article is devoted to the technical description of devices that allows for identifying similarities and differences between the configuration capabilities of mobile computers from various manufacturers.

Problem of choosing an industrial computer: economy or quality?

The article addresses two approaches to the procurement of an industrial computer: by parts followed by assembly, or a ready-made item. The author considers the pros and cons of both approaches and focuses on the advantages of purchasing a ready-made computer.

Embedded switches: is it time to get on the bandwagon?

The article describes the practical advantages of using the embedded switches and offers a brief excursion into the redundant Ethernet technologies. Also discussed are the technical features of Hirschmann embedded module EES20 and its possible applications.

      3 2012

#   3/2012

Modular FASTWEL I/O PLC – from idea to implementation

The article discusses the FASTWEL I/O system development stages, presents the design concept of the system based on FBUS, discusses the current state of the FASTWEL I/O product range. Particular emphasis is given to the universal industrial controllers and modular computers. Also shown are the new products as well as the capabilities of the application programmer set - FBUS SDK Version 2.2.

Review and comparison of rugged notebooks

The article discusses some models of the rugged notebooks which are very popular in the Russian market. Also included is a comparison of the performance and price parameters of notebooks from such producers as Getac, Panasonic, EVOС and NPO Tekhnika-Servis.

      2 2012

#   2/2012

McLean Cooling Technology – new solutions for cooling systems of active equipment at the Russian market

The article reviews the basic active cooling methods for electronic equipment in the enclosures. Also discussed in detail are the solutions offered by McLean (USA).

      1 2012

#   1/2012

Radiation-tolerant film hybrid DC/DC-converters – the standard components of power supply systems of space vehicles

The article describes the design features of the film hybrid DC/DC-converters offered by International Rectifier (USA), various methods for building the power supply systems of the space vehicles and effect of the system requirements on technical parameters of the power modules. Particular emphasis is given to the radiation resistance and quality control requirements when manufacturing such modules. The article presents some popular models of DC/DC-converters and promising products of this class.

Not drowned in water, nor burnt in fire. Dear field friends. Part 2

The article covers the technologies protecting the structural elements of industrial notebooks from moisture, dust and vibration. It also explains when it makes sense to replace a commercial notebook with its industrial version. Also included are examples of using protected notebooks on railway vehicles and during combat operations.

      4 2011

#   4/2011

Spectrum: solutions for high-speed data acquisition

The article familiarizes readers with Spectrum - a manufacturer of high-speed data acquisition cards. The article offers an overview of the main product trends, gives brief specifications of the devices and discusses the potential options and basic benefits of the solutions used.

NOVASTAR – a new star on the horizon of SCHROFF cabinets

The article provides a detailed description of the design and main characteristics of a new Schroff cabinet for use in laboratory or office environment.

EtherCAT I/O: a new era of automation

The article gives a brief overview of history and development of the modular Beckhoff I/O systems based on K-bus and E-bus. Particular emphasis is put on a comparative review of characteristics and advantages of EtherCAT - the leader among the I/O systems based on the real time Ethernet.

TELEOFIS wireless data transfer systems

Modern technologies offer a wide range of wireless data transfer solutions. The commercial systems covering vast areas widely use the GSM/3G modems as well as radio modems.

      3 2011

#   3/2011

Radiation hardened linear ultra low voltage dropout regulators for rocket and space equipment

The article describes the new RUH3301 series radiation hardened linear regulators from International Rectifier (a division of High Reliability Products - HiRel). The integrated hybrid regulators feature an ultra low voltage dropout of 0.4V with a load current of 3A. They are designed for use in the distributed power architecture (DPA) of the space vehicles and transport spacecrafts as the point-of-load regulators as well as for an additional regulation of voltage after the DC/DC converters.

Schaefer versatile power supply

The article presents products from Schaefer, who specialize in the design and manufacture of power supplies for critical applications. Also included are options of comprehensive tailor-made solutions for secondary power supply systems developed using standard Schaefer products and intended for implementation of an uninterruptible power supply of various loads. The article considers a topology for building modern Schaefer power supplies.

      2 2011

#   2/2011

New horizons of the wireless Ethernet: 300 Мbit/s from the air

The article provides a historical overview and covers the advantages and specific features of WiFi IEEE 802.11n standard. Also included is a review of the industrial equipment that meets the family of IEEE 802.11 standards.

      1 2011

#   1/2011

Not drowned in water, nor burnt in fire. Dear field friends

The article describes specific features of field application of rugged mobile computers and presents their distinctive design features compared to their commercial analogs. Also reviewed are the most interesting - from a technical point of view - rugged mobile computers from Getac.

      4 2010

#   4/2010

Machine Vision and Digital Image Processing

Currently, the computer processing of visual information has gained a new impulse for development and wide acceptance in various industries. The purpose of this article is to attract the reader's attention to the fundamentals and standards of the digital image processing and present software and hardware used. A significant part of the article is dedicated to an overview of the ADLINK video capture boards which represent a good reflection of the modern trends, advanced technologies and the research results and findings on the subject under discussion.

Explosion protection of the non-electrical parts of the equipment based on the sliding monitoring

The current international standards specify the explosion protection of the non-electrical parts of the equipment. A risk of explosion can occur when the drive and the output device of the system are interlocked. The article analyses the potential consequences of such interlock and evaluates the potential ignition sources. Also discussed are the explosion protection solutions based on the rotational speed monitoring in order to identify the signs of sliding, an indicator of occurrence of a dangerous situation. The article covers the commercial modules for implementation of such solutions.

Buoy or guided wave radar?

Today the buoy level gages are one of the most common devices that can be used to measure levels of any liquids in industry. When using these devices, the instrument engineers face the maintenance problems. What is an alternative solution to reduce costs and optimize the measurement process?

      3 2010

#   3/2010

We are unique: data input devices for industrial applications

The article covers the main types of the industrial data input devices and offers a brief history of the production technology. Also included is a review of the popular product series from the three leading keyboard manufacturers: InduKey (Germany), iKey (USA) and NSI (Belgium).

Flash technologies attack hard disk drives

The article describes the types of data storage in the modern computer systems. Also discussed are the advantages and disadvantages of both hard disks and NAND Flash-drives.

(pdf NaNk)
      2 2010

#   2/2010

LITEMAX high brightness displays for harsh working environment

The article provides a review of a series of housed displays from LITEMAX, a Taiwan manufacturer. The LCD monitors have the improved operational and functional characteristics due to the use of the advanced LED backlight technology.

HART Loop Converter as a bridge between the digital and analog world

Maintaining a safe production process often depends on the right information at the right time. The new HART Loop Converter from Pepperl+Fuchs uses the full potential of HART enabled field devices. It serves as a bridge between the digital and analog world and provides access to vital process data, which were not available until now.

      1 2010

#   1/2010

AdvantiX: two years. The flight is normal

The article reviews the current computer industry trends and particularly the industrial PC segment. Also, a description of a modern FASTWEL AdvantiX product line is provided. Besides, the article shows examples of how the equipment is used at the customers' facilities in various industries in Russia.

FX3G: a new controller in the FX compact family PLCs

The article presents a new series of the inexpensive singleblock controllers from Mitsubishi Electric for the middlelevel automation tasks.

      3 2009

#   3/2009

Replacement must be made in time! How Metran-150 differs from traditional pressure sensors

The pressure sensors Metran-150 have been operated in more than 1000 enterprises in Russia and CIS for three years. Tough laboratory and polygon tests are permanently conducted. Confident in the superior technical characteristics, wide functionality and high operational reliability, the management of Metran industrial group made the decision to recommend the customers to use Metran-150 instead of its predecessor Metran-100.

GOT1000 operator terminals: from the simple control panels to the platform solutions

The article presents the new models and the benefits of the GOT Series operator terminals from Mitsubishi Electric.

      2 2009

#   2/2009

Switching equipment for the Digital Signage networks

The article provides a brief review of the switching equipment for the analogue anddigital audio and video signals. Much attention is given to the solutions for thewireless transmission of the audio/video signals over long distances.

      1 2009

#   1/2009

Modular compact HPC-systems and ATCA servers for telecommunications and industry. Part 2

The paper offers an analysis of the high capacity modular systems and ATCA standard servers for telecommunications and computer systems of the industrial automation. Particular emphasis is given to the new parallelpipeline systems with the convergent switched environment of communication providing the simultaneous transmission of the large data flows at the gigabyte data rate.

Thermokon in the light of the LON technology. Part 2

The objective of the article is to show in the light of the LON technology the strengths of the Thermokon equipment, cover a range of the Thermokon products for the automation of the residential and commercial buildings, the equipment for the socalled "intellectual home", specify the features of the equipment, promising technologies and innovations and demonstrate a wide variety of the LON products for choice from one specialized supplier.

New ruggedized LCD displays from i-sft for industrial applications

I-sft GmbH develops and manufactures the TFTdisplays for industrial applications and is one of the leading European producers of the modern TFTdisplays for the extreme conditions. In 2008, isft GmbH considerably renovated its product line. The company offered to the consumers the displays designed for the extended temperature ranges. They are environment resistant and feature a long MTBF andhigh brightness of the screen.

Redundant controllers System Q for continuous process automation

The article describes the advantages of the redundant control systems of different architectures based on Mitsubishi Electric System Q controllers.

On the new possibilities of LOGO! modules

The possibilities of a new series of LOGO! 0BA6 modules and some examples of their application are shown in the article. Their technical characteristics and innovative solutions are described. Automation of different small systems can be implemented with LOGO! modules using PIregulator, analog calculations and many other functions.

      4 2008

#   4/2008

Modular compact HPC-systems and ATCA servers for telecommunications and industry. Part 1

The paper offers an analysis of the high capacity modular systems and ATCA-standard servers for telecommunications and computer systems of the industrial automation. Particular emphasis is given to the new parallelpipeline systems with the convergent switched environment of communication providing the simultaneous transmission of the large data flows at the gigabyte data rate.

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Thermokon in the light of the LON technology. Part 1

The objective of the article is to show - in the light of the LON technology - the strengths of the Thermokon equipment, cover a range of the Thermokon products for the automation of the residential and commercial buildings, the equipment for the so-called «intellectual home», specify the features of the equipment, promising technologies and innovations and demonstrate a wide variety of the LONproducts for choice from one specialized supplier.

read on-line

Use of the LXI standard for the control of the programmable power supplies

The LXI standard-based Ethernet technology continues to grow in popularity when solving the tasks of control of the secondary power supply sources. The use of this standard in the Gegesys series programmable power supplies from Lambda provides some additional competitive advantages such as an easy control and configuration, possibility of integration via LAN, and reduction in the modernization costs.

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New players in the Magelis XBT graphic terminal family

The article describes a few series of the graphic terminals from Schneider Electric: an early version – Magelis XBT GT and two recent versions – Magelis XBT GK and Magelis XBT GTW. The fundamental difference between the early version of the product and those newly launched is that they have been built on a new technological platform.

read on-line
      3 2008

#   3/2008

Modular intrinsically safety remote input/output systems for the hazardous areas

The article provides a brief discussion of the modular intrinsicallysafety input/output systems from Pepperl+Fuchs: the LB system for installation in Class 2 or Class 22 hazardous areas and the FB system designed for installation in Class 1 or Class 21 hazardous areas. Both systems feature a high density of the I/O channels in the enclosure, and they are easily integrated with the systems of intrinsicallysafety area via the HART protocol and the standard industrial networks (PROFIBUS, Modbus).

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VH Series UPS: versatility without sacrifice of reliability

The article presents the GE VH Series UPS. Also included are the analysis and the discussion of the advantages of circuits with double voltage conversion. The article provides a brief overview of the existing UPS types in accordance with the international classification and gives recommendations on how to choose UPS.

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Conquer the forces of nature

The article focuses on the features of the Schneider Electric pressure transducers which are employed to control the engines of the compressor and pneumatic equipment.

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      2 2008

#   2/2008

Structure of the modern embedded modular systems

The article describes the specific features of the embedded systems having a modular structure. Also discussed are the disadvantages of the trunk systems with the traditional bus architecture and their limited capabilities for further increase in performance. The article covers the solutions reflecting a tendency of gradual transition to a new generation of the modular systems with the advanced switched network architecture and a wide frequency band.

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Chassis for the industrial computers

The article focuses on the design features as well as the basic advantages and disadvantages of various types of chassis for the industrial computers with the CompactPCI system bus.

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Brief review of the new TDK Lambda power supplies

The article presents the new power supplies from TDKLambda specializing in the development and manufacturing of the highly efficient power supplies for industrial applications. Brief information on the structure of TDKLambda and its position at the world market is provided. The article analyses the basic tendencies in the improvement of the modern highcapacity power supplies.

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New series of the XP Power DC/DC converters

This article gives an overview of a new series of the XP Power DC/DC converters. Their specific features and main competitive advantages are shown.

read on-line

Schneider Electric presents the new Modicon M340 PLC

The article provides a brief description of a new Micro programmable logic controller added to the family of the Schneider Electric instrumentation, its features and capabilities. The applications of this PLC in various industries are discussed.

read on-line

Lexium PAC: automation technologies and motion

The article describes the Lexium PAC servosystems offering the ready combinations of motion control and automation products which enable the design of applications and the implementation of all motion control functions.

read on-line
      1 2008

#   1/2008

Fastwel I/O inside. Part 5

The structure and operation of the basic components of a Fastwel I/O hardware-software complex intended for designing automated data acquisition and control systems are considered, and design approaches are discussed. FBUS module-communicating internal bus, an adapted environment for CoDeSys application programs, network protocol services, and interaction between the complex's basic components are described in detail

      4 2007

#   4/2007

Fastwel I/O inside. Part 4

The structure and operation of the basic components of a Fastwel I/O hardware-software complex intended for designing automated data acquisition and control systems are considered, and design approaches are discussed. FBUS module-communicating internal bus, an adapted environment for CoDeSys application programs, network protocol services, and interaction between the complex's basic components are described in detail

The solid-state disks are the reliable solution for the mission-critical applications. Part 2

The article provides a comparative analysis of the efficiency of data storage on the solid-state and hard disks and offers an overview of the existing formats of the solid-state disks. The article investigates the problems typical for the NAND-memory and shows how these problems can be handled utilizing the TrueFFS® software thus making the NAND-memory advantages as to capacity, efficiency, reliability and cost available to the users.

      3 2007

#   3/2007

Industrial PCs in the light of the new technologies

The article gives an overview of the main trends at the market of the industrial computers and its components. The new technologies and standards that have found use in the advanced models from the leading manufactures of the motherboards and processor boards as well as the chassis for the industrial PCs and servers are described here.

AdvantiX industrial computers: order it. it’s just not impossible to refuse

This article describes the Fastwel AdvantiX line, production technology and advantages of the use of the mass assembled industrial computers and servers. Also, a detailed description of each Fastwel AdvantiX model is provided.

Fastwel I/O inside. Part 3

The structure and operation of the basic components of a Fastwel I/O hardware-software complex intended for designing automated data acquisition and control systems are considered, and design approaches are discussed. FBUS module-communicating internal bus, an adapted environment for CoDeSys application programs, network protocol services, and interaction between the complex's basic components are described in detail.

Advanced automation technologies. The LEXIUM servosystems

The solid-state disks are the reliable solution for the mission-critical applications. Part 1

The article provides a comparative analysis of the efficiency of data storage on the solid-state and hard disks and offers an overview of the existing formats of the solid-state disks. The article investigates the problems typical for the NAND-memory and shows how these problems can be handled utilizing the TrueFFS® software thus making the NAND-memory advantages as to capacity, efficiency, reliability and cost available to the users.

      2 2007

#   2/2007

New-generation Schroff Cabinets

The trends in designing cabinets produced by Schroff, a leading cabinet manufacture, are considered.

Fastwel I/O inside. Part 2

The structure and operation of the basic components of a Fastwel I/O hardware-software complex intended for designing automated data acquisition and control systems are considered, and design approaches are discussed. FBUS module-communicating internal bus, an adapted environment for CoDeSys application programs, network protocol services, and interaction between the complex's basic components are described in detail.

      1 2007

#   1/2007

Fastwel I/O inside

The structure and operation of the basic components of a Fastwel I/O hardware-software complex intended for designing automated data acquisition and control systems are considered, and design approaches are discussed. FBUS module-communicating internal bus, an adapted environment for CoDeSys application programs, network protocol services, and interaction between the complex's basic components are described in detail.

      4 2006

#   4/2006

Inexpensive and small-sized controllers for building automation systems

The basic characteristics and potential of DirectLOGIC programmable logic controllers widely used in building automation systems are considered.

      3 2006

#   3/2006

Tools for developing human-machine interface for hazardous areas Part 2

Part 2 of this review is devoted to iPC-EX operator terminals and IBM PC-compatible VISUEX panel computers. Compared with TERMEX operator terminals described in part 1, these devices produced by Pepperl+Fuchs EXTEC GmbH are intended for solving more complicated problems.

DPHarp — advanced technologies in pressure, flow-rate, and level measurement

Some time ago, Yokogawa Corp. (Japan) made a breakthrough in the pressure sensor technology with its DPHarp approach to pressure measurement. Recently, Yokogawa has announced pressure sensors of the EJX series, which signifies a great stride forward in industrial automation facilities.

      2 2006

#   2/2006

Tools for developing human-machine interface for hazardous areas

Provision of reliable and cost-efficient tools for developing human-machine interface for hazardous environment is a challenge in elaborating process control systems. This article helps in tackling this problem. It presents Pepperl+Fuchs EXTEC Gmbh intrinsically safe terminals that allow the operator to visualize process data and control the process, correcting its parameters. In part I of the article, emphasis is on the TERMEX (TERM) family of compact operator's terminals that are connected to a programmable controller through a serial interface. The performance specifications, designs, software, configuration features, commutation, and application of the terminals are described.

Unified approach to designing VARISTAR general-purpose cabinets for electronic equipment

Application of a unified approach to designing Schroff VARISTAR cabinets is described. The seismic stability and electromagnetic radiation protection of the cabinets, as well as associated test procedures, are considered in detail.

New products from Prosoft-Systems for nondestructive check

New developments intended for solving the topical problem of nondestructive check are presented. The performance specifications of the new devices, as well as their functionality, commutation, and design features, are described. The advantages of the new devices over the earlier versions are emphasized. The potential and domain of applicability of the devices are exemplified.

TeSyS U smart starter from Schneider Electric

Emergency protection systems built on BAZIS Controllers from Ekoresurs

The article presents a review of BAZIS series multifunctional Zener-barriers protected controllers. Their potential, performance specifications, and applications, as well as related I/O devices, are described.

New player at the Russian market of industrial communications

A product line from Korenix, an industrial information network equipment manufacturer, is described.

      4 2005

#   4/2005

Wiring without a screwdriver

The article describes the evolution of the spring-loaded Cage Clamp terminal connectors invented by WAGO company. It shows the examples of engineering solutions of this company, which allowed it to take up and hold the leading positions among the largest terminal clamps manufacturers.

      3 2005

#   3/2005

Low-profile programmable power supplies from Nemic-Lambda: combination of power and intelligence

The article reports on Genesys programmable power supplies from Nemic-Lambda (Israel), defined for their high energy features, reliability, precision, weight and sizes. Devices are remotely programmable and can be easily connected to serial line communication interfaces. The possibility of connection with universal interface bus GPIB allows easy products integration into the test systems' equipment.

      2 2005

#   2/2005

Hirschmann style industrial Ethernet

Every day Ethernet based networks are more and more actively penetrating the field levels of industries providing an opportunity of uniform vertical network infrastructure creation, which, in return, bears a number of benefits comparing to traditional industrial networks. The article reports on most popular products for industrial Ethernet networks from German manufacturer Hirschmann and also HIPER-Ring technology, which has de-facto become industrial standard and allows to build failsafe cost-effective networks.

Sharp LCDs for industrial and special applications. Part 2

The following material completes the article placed in the previous issue of СТА magazine. One can find a short description of Sharp TFT LCD technology, which allows to achieve high performance characteristics of the manufactured equipment. There is also a special insertion highlighting DC/AC invertors' options for various models of LCDs.

DC/AC-invertors for LC display panels

TDK invertors described in the following article are recommended for application in Sharp LCDs. The article contains description of various invertors' models and series, indicating their purpose and ways of application. As a conclusion there is a description of different backlight lamp invertors for an exact LCD model multiple choice.

      1 2005

#   1/2005

IEE display facilities review

The article reports on cathode-luminescent displays from IEE Company, applied in land transport equipment, marine navigation, process automation control panels and many other applications. One can also find the character mode LCDs presented with different backlight systems, wide temperature range and small power consumption as well as terminal devices and additional equipment for display systems creation by customer's own forces.

Sharp LCDs for industrial and special applications

Initially Sharp Company became popular for its high quality consumer electronics. However, very few people know that this company also manufactures liquid crystal displays for industrial applications and harsh operating conditions. The article introduces Sharp recent developments in the sphere of LCDs manufacturing for various applications. You can find the most popular models represented and their technical characteristics.

Advantech industrial computers: from components to solutions

The article reports on the most interesting latest developments from Advantech Company: industrial ATX motherboards, chassis new modification, specially adopted for these type of devices, industrial video cards with AGP interface. Recently there can be seen a pronounced tendency of growing interest not to components directly, but to ready-made solutions. That is why there is a part of the article dedicated to detailed description of assembled, tested and totally complete computers and servers purchase advantages. Special attention is given to new models of popular Advantech SYS ready-made solutions.

      4 2004

#   4/2004

Level measuring by guided EM pulse

Direct electromagnetic radiation method allows to measure liquid indicator, the level for friable hard materials, intermediate stage substance in aggressive environments, extended temperature and pressure variation range in the low dielectric constant of a control product. The article reports on the method's physical properties, as well as its comparison with ultrasonic and non-contact radar methods. The level meters "Pulscon" are described as an example of sensors, which implement the direct electromagnetic method. Practical recommendations on microwave level measuring sensors applications are made.

      3 2004

#   3/2004

Transistor inverters: specifications, structural schemes, application recommendations

Work on many technical problems, which as a rule are connected with interfacing equipment having different types of power supplying, control and energy saving, power supply quality and power systems reliability improvement, leads to the necessity of conversion direct voltage into alternating. Such problems can be solved with the help of DC/AC converters (inverters). The description of these units is made by example of DA XP Electronics and SLI Magnetek transistor inverters, which embody many advanced solutions and thus completely characterize all features, ways of modern inverters development and application.

      2 2004

#   2/2004

High brightness flatpanel LCDs

Liquid crystal displays have become a dominating component at the visualization market. Especially ranked are displays for working in industrial applications and extreme conditions, featuring advanced reliability, brightness, and resistance to destabilizing impact. This article surveys such products of Planar, I-SFT Siemens and LiteMax, describing their characteristics and application.

Current status and development forecast of the power electronics modules

This article pictures a present-day situation in the sphere of development of power electronics devices. Particular emphasis is placed on MOSFET and IGBT modules, which are widely used in the modern power conversion equipment. The article also shows the current status of the Russian power electronics market.

VIPA System 200V programmable logic controllers

The author reviews the main product series manufactured by VIPA GmbH for industrial automation systems. A considerable part of the article is dedicated to the technical features of controllers, as well as of interface and I/O modules of the popular System 200V series, their most important characteristics and advantages over analogous devices.

      4 2003

#   4/2003

Local automation devices. Microcontrollers.

This article is devoted to technology that can be used to address relatively simple automation problems. The author uses practical examples to illustrate the broad applicability of the LOGO! logic modules from Siemens.

New technology for continuous data transmission

The author explains the primary advantages of using GPRS technology in automated process control systems, describing the popular MC35 Terminal series of GPRS modems, which were designed for industrial applications.

      3 2003

#   3/2003

Inductive proximity sensors from Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH

This article continues CTA's series on products from Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH. This time we cover inductive proximity sensors, examining different designs, their basic electrical and physical features, custom sensor designs, potential applications and their usage.

      1 2003

#   1/2003

Switching AC/DC converters from Artesyn Technologies

This article is a continuation of a previously published reviewof power equipment from Artesyn Technologies, covering issues involved in the practical application of switching AC/DC converters. The author presents a wide variety of models with different designs, capacity, output, operational featuresand applications in various technical fields.

(pdf 368k)

Accessories and options for radar level-measurement instruments

One of the most important trends in level-measurementtechnology today is the growing popularity of radar. As more radar instruments with enhanced capabilities become available, plant operators have a greater choice of brands, features and options.

(pdf 154k)
      4 2002

#   4/2002

Power converters for high-speed digital systems

This article examines the new point-of-load (POL) converters, the latest evolution of power converters. The increasingly common requirement to access power sources with varying ratings within the context of a single printed-circuit card has created the need for such products. POL converters, as opposed to traditional DC/DC-converters, make it possible for the developers of electronic systems to create less expensive, more flexible and more reliable power systems.

Euromechanics cases for OEMs

The author surveys Euromechanics subunits, cross-panels and equipment cases, describing the design features that make them universal, their high level of integration and their reliability. Particular attention is paid to the issue of electromagnetic protection. The article describes the basic principles of the Euromechanics standard, showing its advantages, its prospects for further development and its connections with other standards.

      3 2002

#   3/2002

Level control devices

This article completes a series of reviews covering level control devices. This installment covers continuous level meters employing various physical means of measurement. Examples are cited using products from Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH.

      2 2002

#   2/2002

Level control devices

This piece launches a series of review articles covering level control devices and introducing readers to level sensors based on products from Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH. The articles examine the primary measurement devices and certain specific aspects of their use and would be useful for specialists in selecting the proper level sensor.

      3 2001

#   3/2001

Pepperl+Fuchs rotary encoders

This article describes the product line and the technical data for incremental and absolute rotary encoders from Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH (Germany). The article cites select information on the design of these products and provides examples of how encoders are used in automated manufacturing systems.

Weidmueller — your partner for industrial electrical connectivity and cabinets for electrical equipment

      2 2001

#   2/2001

Weidmueller — your partner for industrial electronics and electric wiring tools

Industrial encoders: classes and some features

      1 2001

#   1/2001

Modern connecting equipment

CAGE CLAMP COMPACT is another step forward in perfecting spring terminal blocks.

Weidmueller — Your partner for electric switching modules

      4 2000

#   4/2000

Frequency Converters by Siemens

The frequency converters by Siemens serve to control the alternating-current drives of general purpose. Basic methods of working with the converters and issues of their integration into a process control system are considered.

      3 2000

#   3/2000

Remote I/O Modules for Distributed Systems

Two variants of building a decentralized control system are considered in the article, with a focus on SNAP and OpenLine intelligent I/O modules, their assortment and characteristics. Different approaches to implementation are compared, with the analysis of according structural, electrical and operational features of a system.

      2 2000

#   2/2000

Logical Analysers for Testing Digital Equipment

Operational functionality and specifications of the up-to-date logical analysers are considered.

      1 2000

#   1/2000

ZICON's Power Electronics

ADVANTECH: Traditional Quality towards the New Era

Review of new products of Advantech, leading industrial computers manufacturer.

      4 1999

#   4/1999

Planar FP-Displays' Application Scope

      3 1999

#   3/1999

Industrial Notebooks

      1 1999

#   1/1999


The harware and software tools for making small-sized storage devices, which are based on the Flash memory, are presented in the article.

      4 1998

#   4/1998

Means of Automation, Compatible to Octagon Systems

Equipment for industrial automation compatible to Octagon Systems’ products is described in the article.

OpenLine - New Generation of Hardware for Construction of the Distributed Systems

In the article the concept of new system OpenLine of firm Grayhill is briefly stated, the basic characteristics of system components and configuration methods are highlighted. The basic attention is given to the description of new two-channel input-output modules of a series 70L/73L.

      3 1998

#   3/1998

Panel Personal Computers of Advantech

A new class of computers for use as MMI (man-machine interface) in automation systems is described.

PCI Bus in Special Applications

Various issues of using PCI bus in embedded and industrial applications are considered.

      2 1998

#   2/1998

ADAM-5510 as a Mirror of Modern Trends of Automation

Everything You Want to Know about Flash Disks... but Were Afraid to Ask

Flash Disks’ main performance attributes are described, problems of their choice and usage are considered.

      1 1998

#   1/1998

Polemical notes

These notes were initially prepared for the magazine Computer Press, so I apologize in advance if the readers of CTA find that they are already familiar with information herein.

DSP systems for the IBM PC

      4 1997

#   4/1997

Backup power sources from Interpoint

      3 1997

#   3/1997

New features of Octagon Systems' embedded PCs

This article covers new products from Octagon Systems that are, in part, being offered in place of analog modules of the previous generation and. The new products have a range of new features and advantages.

Schroff/Hoffman's electrical cabinets and racks

Input/output devices: WAGO modules

The author describes the WAGO I/O System controller, designed for use in Fieldbus industrial networks.

      2 1997

#   2/1997

Input/output devices. Modules from Advantech

This article focuses on a range of input/output devices from Advantech. These devices can be used as low-level components in distributed measuring systems and industrial control systems, with the components situated in direct proximity to the controlled machinery.

      1 1997

#   1/1997

Analog Devices' I/O Modules

Industrial Computers ADVANTECH

A New Integration Level of Manufacturing Control Systems

      1 1996

#   1/1996

IBM PC in Industry

(pdf 605k)

MicroPC vs. PC/104: Different Approach

Notebook: Survival Issues

Grayhill I/O Modules

Technology of Wire Junction by Using WAGO Spring Clamp

Electroluminescent Display ICEBrite™ Series

Flash Memory Standardization in PCMCIA Cards