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Review
Technology

Neo-industrial development priorities

The second article in the series first published in CTA 3/2017 continues the discussion on how to meet the requirements of the Industrial Revolution in real modern manufacturing. Also included are studies of leading experts in the field of development of Industry 4.0 and digital transformation technologies for modern enterprises. The article investigates the ways of integrating the advances in artificial intelligence, industrial Internet of Things and cyber-physical technologies into real economy.


3D NAND technology and its impact on the industrial solid state drives market

The article provides an overview of 3D NAND technology and discusses the features of manufacturing the three-dimensional (3D) memory chips supplied by various chipmakers. Special emphasis has been placed on the impact of 3D NAND technology on the industrial SSD market.


Embedded Systems

Avionics systems: from black box to full transparency

The article describes the use of standard catalogue equipment to build systems for aviation and offers an overview of the basic standards and requirements for the electronic equipment intended for use in this area. Also discussed are alternate approaches to solve the automation tasks in avionics based on standard components.


Making embedded storage fault-tolerant

The article addresses the issues in building a fault-tolerant data storage system for small-scale low-power embedded systems and suggests solutions employing Innodisk RAID controllers and SSDs.


Industrial Networks

Defense in Depth in use. Level 3: wireless network security

The article continues the series of publications related to multi-layered protection of industrial Ethernet networks applying the Defense in Depth principle. Also discussed are the cyber threats for Wi-Fi networks and approaches for providing multi-layered security.


Hardware

Modern USB oscilloscopes and applications

Due to their ease of use and a good price/quality ratio, modern USB port oscilloscopes are in high demand among both professionals and amateurs. The market offer also varies continuously, thus making the selection of the optimal tool not trivial. The article gives an overview of professional USB oscilloscopes manufactured by TiePie engineering and presents an example of using an oscilloscope as an EMF Analyzer.


Pentair (Schroff) solutions for IoT & Industry 4.0 era

The article offers a brief overview of Pentair (Schroff) solutions for locating, protecting and cooling the electronic equipment that advances the development of network infrastructure through the use of IoT and Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) technologies.


System Integration
Agriculture

Smart farming: future or today's reality

The article discusses the application of modern Internet of Things technologies in agriculture. This is illustrated by the example of projects in different countries. They show how advanced automation technologies can help a conservative area like agriculture. The following are just a few examples of areas where the Internet of Things now helps farmers: disease prevention, crop yield increase, irrigation and data monitoring in poultry farms, fisheries and livestock industry, as well as others.


Development
Oil & Gas Industry

Automated control system for asphalt plant

The article describes an automated process control system for the asphalt plant, which has been implemented at the oil refinery. Also included is information on the structure and characteristics of the automated process control system and basic functions and technical solutions that have been employed when building the system.


Buildings Automation

Automation and dispatching of Gazprom Energodom Business Center

The article focuses on the history of the automation and dispatching project for the office center of one of the Gazprom Group companies. The utility systems of the 23-storey building and four blocks were integrated into a centralized monitoring and control system based on software from ICONICS. All stages of this project were implemented by Energodom Service LLC for one year. The result is a reliable, modern system, which is intuitive and user-friendly for the operators.


Safety

Implementing an access control system in an enterprise

The article discusses the arrangement of an access control system (ACS). Also included is a description of the existing physical access control systems, their components and the identification technologies used. Much attention has been paid to the advantages and operation aspects of the solutions based on BioSmart access control system for enterprises.


Hardware
Information Display

Industrial video interface of the future

The article briefly describes basic modern video data transmission interfaces, requirements for 4K UltraHD LCD displays or larger format LCD displays and the stages of development of Embedded DisplayPort (eDP) as the best interface for ultra-high definition display applications. Also included are examples of equipment with eDP-interface from the leading display device manufacturers.


Modern Advantech HMI as a mirror of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The widespread use of personal electronics transforms the concept of the industrial operator interface. The proper industrial HMI can become a central element of intellectual production, an optional tool to increase the efficiency and capacity of an enterprise. The new HMIs from Advantech have taken this transformation into account.


Methods for creating production rules for optimization of energy consumption

Continuing the theme “Use of fuzzy control to optimize power consumption”, the article describes the methods and software/hardware tools to develop and test the production rules in an attempt to achieve the efficient mode of power consumption in process equipment when employing fuzzy control algorithms.


Security for the APCS operator workstations

Over the last few years cyber attacks have targeted industrial systems, signaling a need for integrators and customers to focus more on improving the information security of automated process control system (APCS). The article addresses the issues related to the security enhancement of workstations to prevent hidden retrieval of information or creation of the unauthorized access channels.


Electrical equipment grounding as the main protection principle against HEMP

The article examines the differences between lightning electromagnetic pulses (LEMP) and high-altitude nuclear electromagnetic pulses (HEMP or NEMP). It has been shown that these differences do not allow the direct transfer of experience on lightning protection (LEMP) to protection against HEMP. The author questions the efficiency of electronic equipment grounding as the primary protection against HEMP, even though this method of protection is specified in all regulations and standards.